The word Kwanzaa is of Swahili origin and it means first. The holiday is celebrated by many African-Americans. It was introduced into America by Dr. Maulana Karenga, born Ronald McKinley Everett, in 1966 as a response to Christmas Commercialism.
This holiday stretches from the 26th of December to the close of the year and into the 1st day of the new year. It is not religious but is meant for all Africans of all nationalities and religious beliefs.
Typically, on the sixth day, a communal festival known as Karamu marks the end of the fest.
The 7 candles represent the 7 principles of Kwanzaa. These are- Unity, self-determination, collective responsibility, purpose, creativeness/ creativity, cooperative economics, and faith.
Everyone celebrates Kwanzaa in their own way, but typically, there is singing and dancing, African drumming, storytelling, and a traditional/ communal meal. Activities include: making Kwanzaa necklaces, making woven mats and drums, origami candles and candle holders, and Kwanzaa coloring books for kids.